Sunday, May 24, 2020

Role Of The Medical Insurance Specialist - 1322 Words

The role of the Medical Insurance Specialist is very important to the financial operation of a doctor practice, hospital or other medical facility. A Medical Insurance Specialist collects all the information necessary to prepare insurance claims, enter patient demographics and insurance information, enter ICD codes and CPT billing codes, research, correct and resubmit rejected and denied claims, bill patients and answer patient questions regarding charges. The billing process is actually the process of communication between the insurance specialist, medical provider, patient and the insurance company. This is considered the billing cycle. The billing cycle could takes days to complete or it could take months. The patient demographic†¦show more content†¦Thompson (2015) also stated that the insurance specialists always call to verify secondary insurance information and rejections. The rejections may be due to incorrect modifiers, codes or an incorrect insurance ID numbe r. The third step in the process is the healthcare provider examining the patient and recording the patient symptoms and treatment. This is recorded and the medical coder or billing MEDICAL INSURANCE SPECIALIST COMMUNICATION 3 specialist determine the ICD, CPT or HPCS coding. The coder or biller may have to communicate with the healthcare provider if there are any questions on any of the diagnoses, treatments or duration of the office visit (Dietsch, 2011). Because insurance companies are very strict on correct medical billing and coding, a small mistake can cause the insurance company to deny the claim and will then require the doctor to fix the error and the claim will need to be resubmitted (Cocchi White, n.d.). The fourth step is the charge entry, this is where the bill is created. An account is set up for every patient with the demographics and the account is assigned a number. While talking to B. Mcleod (personal communication, May 26, 2015) it was also stated that one of the key functions for charge

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

A Permanent Solution Of A Temporary Problem - 1224 Words

â€Å"A Permanent Solution to a Temporary Problem† Hannah Smith was 14 years old when she decided she didn’t want to live anymore. She took her last breath before she hanged herself on August 2, 2013. Hannah was cyber bullied on the website Ask.fm, and her family believes the bullying triggered her suicide. The cruel messages were sent anonymously to Hannah, and some even told her to she should kill herself (Smith-Spark). Her father, David Smith , grievingly asked, â€Å"how many more teengers will kill themselves because of online abuse before something is done?† (â€Å"Hannah Smith†). Unfortunately, Hannah wasn’t the first or the last victim of suicide . Suicide was the tenth leading cause of death out of all ages in the United States of the†¦show more content†¦Learning and understanding more about the infinite causes of suicide in teens and young adults can help people prevent others from committing this dreadful act. Teenagers and young adults who suffer from mental health illnesses, such as depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and insomnia, are at a greater risk of suicide and suicidal thoughts (About Suicide). Megan Fickert, a sophomore at Fairmount High school, killed herself after suffering from depression since fifth grade. Her mother, Michelle Fox, reflected, â€Å"Megan has been sick for years, and I’ve been trying to get her help for years.† Her family assured bullying wasn’t a factor. Her brother, Kevin Fickert, pondered â€Å"Nobody really knows why. We’ll never know† (McCarthy). About 95% of people who die by suicide have a psychological disorder -- such as depression -- at the time of death (About Suicide). Depression is a mental disorder that affects more than 20 million people in the United States. The symptoms of depression are: sadness, loss of interest or pleasure in activities on use to enjoy, change in weight, difficulty in sleepin g or oversleeping, energy, feeling of worthlessness, and thoughts of death or suicide (â€Å"Depression...†). Depression is not just caused by one sole reason, but from several factors which vary from person to person. Major life changes -- such as the death of a loved one, a divorce,

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

MAS 500 operating system Free Essays

MAS 500 operating system can increase efficiency in management. It was built up with Microsoft office and Visual Basic and has been seen as good financial accounting software. (Sage software) MAS 500 can integrate business intelligence; order processing, distribution and manufacture (Sage software) and is designed to help companies manage operations. We will write a custom essay sample on MAS 500 operating system or any similar topic only for you Order Now The software is dependable and reliable and covers all areas of e –business and can support large volumes of data and respond to growth in the business. (Tech target. 2008) MAS 500integrates with other applications and can be customised without programming. (Tech target. 2008) The disadvantage in its implementation is the cost involved to purchase the software and then train staff to use it. However, with the increased efficiency MAS 500 is often seen as a good investment reducing costs in the long run. The time taken to upgrade can be seen as a disadvantage as it cuts into business profits. MAS 500 have been seen that leading companies have taken this new software. Fortune Brands has upgraded and MAS 500 performs general ledger, accounts payable and cash management tasks. (Best software, 2003). MAS 500 can automate areas of business management such as core and advanced financials, customer relationship management, project accounting, time and expense tracking, wholesale distribution, discrete manufacturing, warehouse management, human resources, payroll, e-business and business intelligence. (TechTarget. 2008)MAS 500 is user friendly and allows most companies to run it quickly in less time then previous soft wares. (Best software, 2003) Thus the cost constraint would eventually be outweighed by the many benefits this software has to offer. References Best software (2003) A most admired company selects MAS 500 and ASP. Retrieved from the World Wide Web on the 14Th of November 2008:http://whitepapers. silicon. com/0,39024759,60040974p,00. htm Sage software. Sage MAS 500 retrieved from the World Wide Web on the 14Th of November 2008: http://www. sagemas. com/products/sagemas500/ Tech Target. (2008) Sage Software. Sage MAS500. Retrieved from the World Wide Web on the 14Th of November 2008: http://www. 2020software. com/products/Sage_MAS_500. asp How to cite MAS 500 operating system, Papers

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Health Practitioner Regulation Agency †Free Samples to Students

Question: Discuss about the Health Practitioner Regulation Agency. Answer: Introduction Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA) and Legislated Registration Standards undertakes the regulation and functioning of nursing practice and midwifery in each state in Australia and identify their key roles in protecting the public. Qualified nurses and midwives who apply for registration in NMBA are assessed against these registration standards for the fulfilment of requirements for practicing nursing and midwifery in Australia. The Legislation Registration Standards are approved by NMBA for seeking of initial registration like English communication skills, recency of practice, Professional Indemnity and criminal history. Therefore, the following report involves the exploration of these registered and regulatory management standards and its application in the future nursing practice as an Enrolled Nurse (Nursingmidwiferyboard, Australia, 2017). NMBA functions as outlined by Health Practitioner Regulation National Law carries out function in each territory and state regulating the nursing practice midwifery In Australia with a major objective of protecting public. The function of NMBA include registration of nursing and midwifery practitioners and nursing students, development of nursing guidelines, standards, codes for the nursing and midwifery practice and profession. They also handle complaints, notifications, disciplinary hearings and investigations in the nursing practice. The assessment of overseas-trained practitioners is also done by NMBA who wish to practice nursing in Australia. The Accreditation standards are approved and accreditation of nursing course of study is also done by NMBA supporting the work of the National Board in national scheme in Australia (Nursingmidwiferyboard, Australia, 2017). In Australia, ANMF is the largest union having around 249,000 members. It is run by nurses, assistants and midwives in the profession of nursing for the advancement of political, industrial and professional status. It has active and strong branches in each territory and state throughout Australia. The role of this federation is to provide high quality, accessible and affordable healthcare services to every Australian in every healthcare setting whether remote or rural, big or small hospitals. Protection of public and patient safety and care are the priorities of ANMF. The body stands for high quality care and universal healthcare to patients and make the nurses, assistants and midwives understand their roles in nursing practice. ANMF is fighting for the rights of Australians ensuring that Medicare remains free and health bureaucrats and politicians understand the funding for healthcare as a priority. ANMF prioritize to provide highest level of healthcare services and mainly focus on preventative care to reduce the burden of disease in Australia. ANMF fights for the rights of nurses in Aged Care shifts and make improvements for graduate nurses ensuring that they gain employment after their completion of qualifications and degree (Lee Thomas Annie Butler, 2017). Registration standard: Continuous Professional Development (CPD) This registration standard in NMBA sets out minimum requirements for nurses for continuing their professional development for registered nurses, enrolled nurses and midwives. To meet this registration standard, one must complete minimum 20 hours in CPD per registration period. The registered or enrolled nurse needs to complete the minimum CPD requirements for nursing and midwifery practice in Australia. This standard looks into the maintenance, improvement and broadening of nursing profession in their knowledge, competence and expertise. It also helps nurses and midwives in the development of qualities required for the nursing profession at personal and professional level. This registration standard evaluates the completion of CPD requirements of registered nurses or nurse practitioners who is holding an endorsement ("Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency - Continuing professional development", 2017). This regulation standard evaluates the criminal history of any nurse or midwife who is applying for registration in NMBA in all countries including Australia. On the behalf of NMBA, the main role of this standard is to check the criminal history management of an applicant during the registration process ensuring that only those applicants (nurses and midwives) are selected who are safe and suitable for registration and nursing practice in Australia. This standard checks that all nurses and midwives who are registering for nursing practice must be free from any offence punishable by 12 months of imprisonment. In addition, criminal history standard also checks that whether convict or found guilty of an offence is punished by imprisonment in Australia or overseas ("Optometry Board of Australia - Criminal history", 2017). NMBA has set out this standard to evaluate that all the applicants who are applying for initial registration are capable of demonstrating English language skills and thus, are suitable for registration. The role of this standard is to set out how the applicant has the capability to demonstrate English in their communication and competency to the Board that is sufficient for practicing nursing or midwifery. Two English language skills are registered in the standard that comprises of common English language applicable during initial registration and NM English language skills applicable for all nurses and midwives ("Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia - English language skills", 2017). Registration standard: Professional Indemnity Australian Health Workforce Ministerial Council approves this registration standard stating that no nurses and midwives who have not covered appropriate professional indemnity insurance (PII) arrangements are allowed to practice in their respective profession. The board has approved appropriate PII guidelines in conjunction with NMBA standards. The standard checks that whether registered health practitioners hold PII arrangements that is important part of National Scheme in protecting public and addressing of risk posed by practitioners who are uninsured. PII covers civil liability, unlimited retroactive and runoff in different types of nursing practice. Nurses and midwives who are holding insurance coverage in their own name are required to retain and show documentary evidence of PII or any insurance arrangements to the Board ("Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia - English language skills", 2017). This standard means that a nurse or midwife should maintain adequate connection with the recent practice in their profession for which they are obtaining registration. The standard evaluates that the applicant is carrying valid and current nursing or midwifery registration either in Australia or overseas. It also sets out the role of nurses or midwives applying for registration whether they possess appropriate skills and qualifications relevant in their area of practice in nursing ("Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency - Recency of practice", 2017). This standard includes core practice guidelines providing a framework for the nurses for the assessment of enrolled nurse (EN) practice. NMBA sets out three domains under this standard that demonstrates that EN should work in collaboration with registered nurses, work towards provision of care and reflect analytical practice. This standard assesses the knowledge, capabilities, attitudes and skills of enrolled nurses within the clinically focused domains ("Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency - Recency of practice", 2017). Safe and competency are two core pillars of Code of Professional Conduct for Nurses in Australia. As a part of the decision-making framework if a nurse is not aware of the technique of certain procedure, she is free to take help from other experienced nurses in order practice in accordance with the nursing standards. I was not aware of the insertion of nasogastric tube so I preferred taking help and guidance from the experienced nurses in that ward (Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia, 2017). Identified Learning Needs Observation of the patients condition both before and after is the principal observational approach that must be undertaken while inserting a nasogastric tube. Here the observation of the condition encompass, proper tabulation of the body temperature, blood pressure level, respiratory rate, pulse rate, heart beat and the level of oxygen saturation. After the successful insertion of the nasogastric tube, the actual position of the tube inside the body must be radiologically confirmed and with the pH balance (less than or equal to 5). If the patient has a previour reported cases of oesophageal varices or other chronic coagulopathy then, I learned that the insertion of the nasogastric (NG) tube must be undertaken under the supervision of a professional radiologist. Patients with dry mouth syndrome, moistening of the buccal cavity with a moisten cotton bud is must. In spite of taking several preventive measures, the insertion of nasograstric tube might feel uncomfortable for certain patients. During the course of my learning process, I came to know that in order to increase the comfprt quotient, Lidnocaine gel can be use either in from of gel (inside the nostrils) or in form of spray at the back side of the throat. However, Lindocaine gel is associated with certain degree of allergic symptoms to smaller group of patients, so allergic test is must before the use of the gel. The standard process of NG tube insertion is based on the guidelines NSW, Ministry of Health, Australia. In order to assist insertion, the patient must be postured in an upright position with optimal neck/head alignment. The nostrils needs to checked in order to detect the presence of any deformity as this ill guide the best possible way of insertion. Not only this accurate measurement from the tip of the nose up to the earlobe and xiphisternum needs to be taken in centimetre calculations and then simultaneously marked over the NG tube. After the measurements are done, the tube must be lubricated adequately and then only it should to inserted within the nostrils. After insertion, the positioning must be reconfirmed via the use of radiography. If in any case, a patient is found coughing profusely or experiencing sound breathing problem then the entire insertion needs to redone on an immediate basis. However, it must also be noted that absence of coughing syndromes, do not necessarily means that tube placement has been done successfully (Fine Bore Nasogastric Feeding Tubes for Adult Policy, 2017). During the course of my training, I also learnt that the faulty insertion of the NG tube can generate trauma in the adjoining areas along with pneumothorax. Other threats of incorrect insertion of NG tube include aspiration along with tube dislodgement, occurrence of pneumonitis. Pneumonitis occurs when the nasogastric feed get deposited inside the pulmonary cavities. In rare cases, due to error in insertion, the tube can get misplaced inside the lungs. This kind of fatal occurrence is common among the patients with cribriform plate disruption intracranial insertion ((Fine Bore Nasogastric Feeding Tubes for Adult Policy, 2017). As a trainee nurse, I have gained huge knowledge regarding NG tube insertion as a part of the continuous professional development (Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia - Continuing professional development, 2017). When I will start my career as an registered nurse via gathering experience from my training session, I will always keep in mind that the patients who are critically ill or at a palliative care unit are more susceptible of getting affect with the NG tube complications. Moreover, I will also remain alert that when I am inserting a NG, I must do that in zero reflexes. Any negligence in this level can cast fatal harm to the patients. For the patients with impaired blood clotting syndrome and tracheostomy, I will observe extra caution. Lastly, fine bore NG tube may cause leakage of the gastric content causing fatal oesophageal erosions, the conditions are more severe with patients who are suffering from gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD). I will never forget to refrig erate the NG tube prior insertion (Fine Bore Nasogastric Feeding Tubes for Adult Policy, 2017). Conclusion Thus from the above discussion it can be stated that a nurse must practice according to the norms of Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA) in order deliver quality care to the patients. Nurses must also abide by the registration standards of the NMBA in order to successfully qualify as a registered nurse. References Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency - Continuing professional development. (2017).Ahpra.gov.au. Retrieved 8 November 2017, from https://www.ahpra.gov.au/Registration/Registration-Standards/CPD.aspx Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency - Recency of practice. (2017).Ahpra.gov.au. Retrieved 8 November 2017, from https://www.ahpra.gov.au/Registration/Registration-Standards/Recency-of-practice.aspx Fine Bore Nasogastric Feeding Tubes for Adult Policy. (2017) (pp. 1 to 8). Australia. Retrieved from https://www1.health.nsw.gov.au/pds/ActivePDSDocuments Lee Thomas, A., Annie Butler, A. (2017).Australian Nursing Midwifery Federation.Anmf.org.au. Retrieved 8 November 2017, from https://anmf.org.au/ Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia - Continuing professional development. (2017).Nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au. Retrieved 8 November 2017, from https://www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au/Registration-Standards/Continuing-professional-development.aspx Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia - English language skills. (2017).Nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au. Retrieved 8 November 2017, from https://www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au/Registration-Standards/English-language-skills.aspx Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia - Home. (2017). Nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au. Retrieved 8 November 2017, from https://www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au/ Nursingmidwiferyboard, Australia. (2017).Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia - Home.Nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au. Retrieved 8 November 2017, from https://www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au/ Optometry Board of Australia - Criminal history. (2017).Optometryboard.gov.au. Retrieved 8 November 2017, from https://www.optometryboard.gov.au/Registration-Standards/Criminal-history.aspx

Friday, March 27, 2020

Music and Adolescence free essay sample

Music is an abstract form of human expression, and can mean deferent things to different people, but It has been a part of every culture on this planet, now or anytime In recorded history (Check Berger, 2006). We will write a custom essay sample on Music and Adolescence or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Whether It is individual listening, a concert, party, a dance, or a rite of passage, music contributes to a big part of many adolescents lives across the globe. It has been estimated that from seventh to 12 the grade, the average adolescent spends over two hours per day listening to music.By looking at the extent of the music consumption in the lives of adolescents, it is readily apparent that music plays an important part in their lives (North, Harvested ONeill, 2000). Music holds the power to influence many aspects of adolescents lives, both positively and negatively. It can relax or energize the body, influence cognitive development, enhance self-healing, and foster both comfort and discomfort (Essence Berger, 2006). In this paper, we will look at the effects that music can have on developing adolescent lives, socially, emotionally, and cognitively.There are many ways in which music plays an important role in the social development of adolescents. According touchstone and Katz (Bibb music has important outcomes for the their colonization, because music and peer affiliations provide adolescents with escalating social opportunities and relationships. This preferred music of peers who are admired at this time, whether for sound or travel reason, is likely to become the affiliating party choice (as cited in Miranda Class, 2009). Simon Firth (1987) acknowledges teenage identify formation as one of the main social functions of their music (as cited in Campbell et al, 2007).Teens fill their lives with music, gather around it, talk about it, all in a spirit of sociability. High schools bear witness to many cliques who mark themselves by their music and provide a way for adolescents to identify with oth ers, in their process of solidification (Despond, 1987). Many books and articles have been written suggesting that sub-cultures form around different genres of pop-music. One factor that motivates adolescents to listen to music, are the benefits It brings with a sense of belonging with peers (North Harvested, 1999).Music can help dollish boundaries between those of different ethnic, or social backgrounds. (Campbell et al, 2007) One 13 year old said hat music gave her a sense of a having a place to belong, both inside and outside the walls of school. Once a group focuses on a particular style of music, its members benefit, as they have defined themselves as part of a cultural elite, and attain the emotional gratifications of belonging. (Zillion Gang) page 60 of Social Physiology of Music Edited by Harvested North.. One possible reason that adolescents might gravitate to particular styles of music, is as a means of helping them to define their own identities. A preference for a certain style of music can carry a message to other adolescents, in regards to where they think they belong with their personal attitudes, characteristics and values. Studies show that adolescents use their music preferences as a way of telling others about themselves (North Harvested, 1999). Rock music Is often a natural target of Interest for adolescents, and one reason may be that it can open the exploration of emerging sexual thoughts and feelings.The create state of mind in which fantasy and ones own body Join together (Terror, 2001). Teens listen to music that their friends listen to, form bonds or social groups with people they want to belong with, so musical preferences become a sense of belonging for both personal and group identity (Levities, 2006). Brown Klutz (2003) found that in adolescence, social identity and relationships undergo tremendous changes, as the teen shifts their relationship from parents to peers (as cited in Miranda Grandeur, 2011). There is a link between this transitional time an adolescent is going through of parental protection to independence, and their desire for seeking and Joining a preference culture that serves as a connection to their maturity (Zillion Gang). According to Larson Ekberg (1995), music can form an Important part of the adolescent emerging from the cocoon of familial identity (as cited in Campbell et al 2007). This function of breaking away from parents, is found in some genres of music that include lyrics that express defiance of those who are perceived to control the lives of adolescents. Zillion Gang). According to Bleach, Zillion Weaver (1991), some studies indicate that teens who listen to certain rebellious forms of music such as heavy metal or rap, may also be more likely to engage in delinquent behaviors (as cited in North Harvested, 1999). In other instances, music has also been shown to promote family bonding and communication between adolescents and parents (Miranda Gaudi er, 2010). Music can also play an important role in the emotional development of adolescents. Ere power of music to evoke emotions is evident in advertisements, movies, and mothers.Music can affect adolescents emotionally at a level deeper than is possible Ninth words alone (Terror, 2001). It is used to manipulate our emotions to deeper levels because the emotions we experience in response to music take part in the cortex; the heart of emotional processing (Levities, 2006). Music can evoke both relaxation or stimulation and can also open up channels of self-expression. For the teenager this can provide a means of coping with powerful emotions and fantasies during this critical period of development.For some adolescents it can create a feeling of safety, Inhere they feel free to express feelings. It enables them to connect with, and share feelings of love, longing, anger, sadness, rage, grief, longing, as well as to experience both closeness and isolation. It can give shelter to the distressed and confused adolescent. This process of expressing emotions with music, can help the adolescent o transition from childhood gratification to work on changes and dreams connected Ninth adolescence (Terror, 2001).Self-esteem is an important part of an adolescents development and the emotional support and social approval from others can influence a childs self esteem (Contracts, MacKenzie-Rivers, Malison, Lung, (2011). Studies show that adolescents preferences of music reflected an attempt to match their own self concept, with perceptions of the people who typically listen to that style. Higher levels of self esteem were also noted to be associated with adolescents identifying themselves ore strongly with a particular musical sub culture (North Harvested, 1999).Studies have shown that music can be associated with mental health issues in suicide, self harm, depression, drug and alcohol abuse, and recklessness (Eking, rapacious, Topology, Subconsc ious, Barker, 2012). However, there is a bidirectional relationship between music preferences and mental health issues. While preference for certain types of music may be red flags for mental health problems, it may also be true that preferring these music types reflects the real cause of the problems (Eking et al). For instance, there has been much controversy over the influence of heavy metal music and teenage suicide.A couple decades ago, two famous heavy metal bands were unsuccessfully sued by the parents of suicide dictum adolescents, because their music was being played while the adolescents died. Seeking et al) Studies indicate that preference for heavy metal music among adolescents may be a red flag for increased suicidal vulnerability, but the results also confirm that the characteristics of adolescents play a more important role as risk factors to suicidal behaviors, than their musical preference (Shell Westfield, 999).In one study, heavy metal music listeners were found to have a significant increase in positive attitude after listening to the music they prefer (Eking et al, 2012). Other studies confirmed that, for the majority of teenagers, listening to all genres of music has a positive effect on mood (Shell Westfield,1999). Music techniques have also been shown to be an effective method of treating adolescent mental health issues, because an adolescents life is in many ways, centered around and heavily influenced by music (Davis, Hendricks, Robinson Bradley 1999). There re also many ways in which music plays an important role in the cognitive development of adolescents. According to Arent Larson (1995), music has been found to provide adolescents with a medium which to construct, negotiate and modify aspects of their personal identity, offering them a range of strategies for knowing themselves and connecting with others (as cited in Campbell et al, 2007). It is in the adolescent years, that one begins to discover that there exists a world of different ideas, different cultures and different ideas (Levities, 2006).Students claimed hat they were not only intrigued by, but also thought it was important to know music as a means of understanding other civilizations, musics role in history, or stories of composers and performers. Music was described as an asset to shaping the broader sense of themselves, and how they might use what they know to be successful in the Nor (Campbell et al, 2007). It has been shown that musical activity involves nearly every region of the brain that En know about.Therefore, it should be no surprise that music might enhance reasoning, motor functions, computation, auditory discernment, and coordination in adolescents lives (Hellenic, 2010). Studies have shown that the brain that is engaged in music undergoes neurological changes, and the findings suggest that music stimulates complex cognitive processes (That, 2008). The adolescence brain is forming new connections at an explosive rate, and this applies to the music heard and performed; new music connects other parts of the brain to what we were listening to during this critical period (Levities, 2006).It is interesting to note that deteriorates, many of these elderly people can still remember the songs they heard En they were fourteen! It has been observed that the reason the brain remembers this, is that our teenage years were filled with many new emotional components and our magical and neurotransmitters acted to tag these memories (Levities, 2006). According to Gigged et al (as cited in Hellenic, 2010), adolescence is a period of synaptic pruning that strengthens the connections that are used more frequently and eliminates the ones that are not; this is influenced by things in which the adolescent participates.Chemistry Holland claim that both musical and mathematical processing access those synapses. So, the individual who is practicing USIA is also strengthening the neural connections that control mathematical reasoning (as cited in Hellenic, 2010). Formal music instruction during ones middle school years, indicates additional educational benefits for achievement in other academic areas, particularly in mathematics. Adolescence psychogenesis might present a window of opportunity during middle school for music to create and strengthen enduring neural connections in those regions (Hellenic, 2010).Barr and Christensen have noted that learning to read music involves manipulating patterns and symbols, which are fundamental concepts in algebra. If music and mathematics utilize the same general cortical areas, then the practice of one should influence the other (as cited in Hellenic, 2010). That could explain why the music instruction seems to enhance achievement in other areas such as math. According to Moran 2004), music teachers also assert that studying music fosters creativity, diverse thinking, and problem-solving skills (as cited in Hellenic, 2010).Based on the above studies and contemplations, I conclude that music can have a significant impact on social, cognitive and emotion development of an adolescents fife. So, how can this information be applied to the paraprofessional position of a teac hers assistant in the school system? A teachers assistant can be aware of the role and the effects that music can play in a students life and use it in several ways. Ay showing an interest in what kind of music a teenage student likes, it can communicate to the student an interest in their lives and help build a rapport with them.

Friday, March 6, 2020

Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon in the Civil War

Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon in the Civil War Nathaniel Lyon - Early Life Career: The son of Amasa and Kezia Lyon, Nathaniel Lyon was born at Ashford, CT on July 14, 1818.   Though his parents were farmers, Lyon had little interest in pursuing a similar path.   Inspired by relatives who had served in the American Revolution, he instead sought a military career.   Gaining entry to West Point in 1837, Lyons classmates included John F. Reynolds, Don Carlos Buell, and Horatio G. Wright.   While at the academy, he proved an above average student and graduated in 1841 ranked 11th in a class of 52.   Commissioned as a second lieutenant, Lyon received orders to join the Company I, 2nd US Infantry and served with the unit during the Second Seminole War.   Nathaniel Lyon - Mexican-American War: Returning north, Lyon commenced garrison duty at Madison Barracks at Sacketts Harbor, NY.   Known as a tough disciplinarian with a fiery temper, he was court-martialed following an incident in which he beat a drunken private with the flat of his sword before hog-tying him and throwing him in jail.   Suspended from duty for five months, Lyons behavior led him to be arrested twice more prior to the beginning of the Mexican-American War in 1846.   Though he had concerns regarding the countrys motivation for war, he traveled south in 1847 as part of Major General Winfield Scotts army. Commanding a company in the 2nd Infantry, Lyon earned praise for his performance in the Battles of Contreras and Churubusco in August as well as received a brevet promotion to captain.   The following month, he sustained a minor leg wound in the final battle for Mexico City.   In recognition of his service, Lyon earned a promotion to first lieutenant.   With the end of the conflict, Lyon was sent to northern California to aid in maintaining order during the Gold Rush.   In 1850, he commanded an expedition sent to locate and punish members of the Pomo tribe for the deaths of two settlers.   During the mission, his men killed a large number of innocent Pomo in what became known as the Bloody Island Massacre. Nathaniel Lyon - Kansas: Ordered to Fort Riley, KS in 1854, Lyon, now a captain, was angered by the terms of the Kansas-Nebraska Act which permitted the settlers in each territory to vote to determine whether slavery would be permitted.   This resulted in a flood of pro- and anti-slavery elements into Kansas which in turn led to wide-ranging guerrilla warfare known as Bleeding Kansas.   Moving through the US Armys outposts in the territory, Lyon attempted to help keep the peace but steadily began supporting the Free State cause and the new Republican Party.   In 1860, he published a series of political essays in the Western Kansas Express which made his views clear.   As the secession crisis began following the election of Abraham Lincoln, Lyon received orders to take command of the St. Louis Arsenal on January 31, 1861. Nathaniel Lyon - Missouri: Arriving in St. Louis on February 7, Lyon entered a tense situation which saw the largely Republican city isolated in a mostly Democratic state.   Concerned about the actions of pro-secession Governor Claiborne F. Jackson, Lyon became allies with Republican Congressmen Francis P. Blair.   Assessing the political landscape, he advocated for decisive action against Jackson and enhanced the arsenals defenses.   Lyons options were hampered somewhat by Department of the West commander Brigadier General William Harney who favored a wait and see approach to dealing with the secessionists.   To combat the situation, Blair, through St. Louis Committee of Safety, commenced raising volunteer units comprised of German immigrants while also lobbying Washington for Harneys removal.         Though a tense neutrality existed through March, events accelerated in April following the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter.   When Jackson refused to raise the volunteer regiments requested by President Lincoln, Lyon and Blair, with permission from Secretary of War Simon Cameron, took it upon themselves to enlist the called for troops.   These volunteer regiments quickly filled and Lyon was elected their brigadier general.   In response, Jackson raised the state militia, part of which gathered outside the city at what became known as Camp Jackson.   Concerned about this action and alerted to a plan to smuggle Confederate weapons into the camp, Lyon scouted the area, and with the aid of Blair and Major John Schofield, devised a plan to surround the militia. Moving on May 10, Lyons forces succeeded in capturing the militia at Camp Jackson and began marching these prisoners to the St. Louis Arsenal.   En route, the Union troops were pelted with insults and debris.   At one point, a shot rang out which mortally wounded Captain Constantine Blandowski.   Following additional shots, part of Lyons command fired into the crowd killing 28 civilians.   Reaching the arsenal, the Union commander paroled the prisoners and ordered them to disperse.   Though his actions were applauded by those with Union sympathies, they led to Jackson passing a military bill which created the Missouri State Guard under the leadership of former governor Sterling Price.   Nathaniel Lyon - Battle of Wilson Creek: Promoted to brigadier general in the Union Army on May 17, Lyon assumed command of the Department of the West later that month.   A short time later, he and Blair met with Jackson and Price in an attempt to negotiate peace.   These efforts failed and Jackson and Price moved towards Jefferson City with the Missouri State Guard.   Unwilling to lose the state capital, Lyon moved up the Missouri River and occupied the city on June 13.   Moving against Prices troops, he won a victory at Booneville four days later and compelled the Confederates to retreat to the southwest.   After installing a pro-Union state government, Lyon added reinforcements to his command which he dubbed the Army of the West on July 2.   While Lyon encamped at Springfield on July 13, Prices command united with Confederate troops led by Brigadier General Benjamin McCulloch.   Moving north, this combined force intended to attack Springfield.   This plan soon came apart as Lyon departed the town on August 1. Advancing, he took the offensive with the goal of surprising the enemy.   An initial skirmish at Dug Springs the next day saw Union forces victorious, but Lyon learned that he was badly outnumbered.   Assessing the situation, Lyon made plans to retreat to Rolla, but first decided to mount a spoiling attack on McCulloch, who was encamped at Wilsons Creek, to delay the Confederate pursuit.   Attacking on August 10, the Battle of Wilson Creek initially saw Lyons command have success until its efforts were halted by the enemy.   As the fighting raged, the Union commander sustained two wounds but remained on the field.   Around 9:30 AM, Lyon was hit in the chest and killed while leading a charge forward.   Nearly overwhelmed, Union troops withdrew from the field later that morning.   Though a defeat, Lyons rapid actions in the preceding weeks helped keep Missouri in Union hands.   Left on the field in the confusion of the retreat, Lyons body was recovered by the Confederates and buried at a local farm.   Later recovered, his body was re-interred in his family plot in Eastford, CT where around 15,000 attended his funeral.   Ã‚   Selected Sources Civil War Trust: Nathaniel LyonState Historical Society of Missouri: Nathaniel LyonFirebrand in a Powder Keg

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

4. Explain the theoretical and historical construction of sexual Essay

4. Explain the theoretical and historical construction of sexual identity. Illustrate your answer with reference to the role of race in the construction of sexual identity and sexual roles - Essay Example The essentialist view looks into the biological differences inherent within each individual (Schwartz & Rutter, p.23). The construction of sexual identity is dependent on the genetic program of each individual, whether one is male or female. And consequently, the sexual roles of each are dependent on these biological differences. On the other hand, the social constructionist perspective sees sexual identity as the result of the social processes that are dependent on social interactions and social institutions (Schwartz & Rutter, p.23). Sexual roles, then, are dependent on the sanctioned norms that define the differences between male and female behavior. Sexual identity can, therefore, be seen as a result of social expectations because that is who an individual is supposed to be, whether male or female. With this perspective, the biology and inherent sexual being is being matched to the sexual role. We are expected to behave as a male or as a female according to the biological roles that each one plays. The roles are learned through culture, however, it is expected to match the inherent biological sexual orientation that each one has. Sexual identity can also be a result of learned behavior. In this perspective, culture is a significant process in acquiring one’s sexual identity and role. An individual learns to behave in such a way that their social experiences dictate. One can behave like a male or a female, depending on how one is socially influenced. From these primary perspectives, other theories and perspectives come into play. With the movement and changes of the social world, the theories also move from defining primarily how one is expected to behave, to differences in power, social roles and expectations according to gender sensitivity and similar social constructs that affects the society’s course of thinking regarding sexual identity. The major sociological perspectives interpret sexual identity differently. Functionalist perspective